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Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park

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Location: Panchmahal district, GujaratYear: Prehistoric to 14th Century

Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park, located in the Panchmahal District of Gujarat State in north-western India, has a number of archaeological, historical, and living cultural heritage properties. Focused on Pavagadh Hill, a volcanic formation that rises 800 m above the surrounding plains, the property includes the remains of settlements dating from the prehistoric to medieval periods, the latter represented by a hill-fortress of an early (14th-century) Hindu capital and the remains of an Islamic state capital founded in the 15th century. The large property, comprised of 12 separate areas, contains the remains of fortifications, palaces, religious buildings, residential precincts, and water-retaining installations, as well as the living village of Champaner.

This area was conquered in the 13th century by the Khichi Chauhan Rajputs, who built their first settlement on top of Pavagadh Hill and fortification walls along the plateau below the hill. The earliest built remains from this period include temples, and amongst the important vestiges are water-retention systems. The Turkish rulers of Gujarat conquered the hill-fortress in 1484. With Sultan Mehmud Begda’s decision to make this his capital, the most important historic phase of this site began. The settlement of Champaner at the foot of the hill was rebuilt and remained the capital of Gujarat until 1536, when it was abandoned.

Category: OtherOwnership: Government and trusts
Reference: http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1101
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Champaner-Pavagadh Panchmahal district Gujarat

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